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December Gardening tasks, Planning Ahead: What to Sow in Your Fruit & Veg Beds for the Coming Year

Preparing for a Bountiful Year: Essential December Sowing Guide

Are you ready to embark on an exciting gardening adventure? Planning your garden for the upcoming year and sowing seeds for next year's harvest is a great way to kickstart your green thumb skills. To ensure a bountiful harvest, consider incorporating crop rotation into your gardening routine. Allow me to offer you some tips and guidance to make the most out of your gardening endeavor.

Gardening basics tools

1. Understand the Basics:

Crop rotation involves systematically changing the location of crops within your garden each year. This practice helps to prevent the buildup of pests and diseases, enhances soil fertility, and promotes overall plant health. By rotating crops, you can optimize yield and reduce the need for chemical interventions.

2. Divide Your Garden into Zones:

Divide your garden into different zones or beds based on crop families. Group plants with similar nutrient requirements together, as this will make it easier to plan your rotation schedule.

3. Plan a Crop Rotation Schedule:

Create a rotation schedule that spans over a few years. The length of the rotation cycle can vary, but a three to four-year cycle is generally recommended. Avoid planting crops from the same family in the same spot until after the entire cycle is complete.

Vegetable beds

4. Follow the Four-Group System:

The four-group system is a common approach to crop rotation. Group 1 includes brassicas (such as cabbage, broccoli, and kale), Group 2 consists of legumes (like peas and beans), Group 3 encompasses root vegetables (such as carrots and potatoes), and Group 4 includes alliums (like onions and garlic). Rotate crops within these groups every year, moving them to a different bed or zone.

5. Consider Cover Crops:

Cover crops, also known as green manure, can be used during fallow periods or in between rotations. These plants help improve soil structure, suppress weeds, and add valuable organic matter when turned into the soil.

6. Monitor Your Garden:

Regularly inspect your plants for signs of pests or diseases. By promptly addressing any issues, you can prevent them from spreading and affecting your entire crop.

7. Maintain Soil Health:

Between rotations, replenish your soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure. This will help maintain its fertility and improve its structure, ensuring optimal conditions for your plants.

Winter veg garden with a snow covering

Remember, gardening is a journey of learning and experimentation. Don't be afraid to adapt and refine your crop rotation plan based on your specific garden's needs. By investing time and effort into planning and sowing, you'll reap the rewards of a thriving and bountiful garden.


Choosing the Right Vegetables and Fruits to Sow in Winter

Looking to sow winter vegetables and fruits for an early spring harvest? You're in luck! There are several options that can be successfully sown in the UK during December.

Brassicas covered in snow
Brassicas covered in snow

1. Winter Salad Leaves: Lettuce, spinach, and rocket are excellent choices for winter salads. Sow them in pots indoors or under cloches for protection against the cold.

2. Broad Beans: If you have well-drained soil, sow broad beans directly into the ground. They are hardy and can withstand frost, providing you with an early harvest in spring.

3. Peas: Similar to broad beans, peas can also be sown directly into the ground. Choose early varieties that can tolerate colder temperatures.

4. Garlic: December is the ideal time to plant garlic cloves. They will establish their roots during winter and grow into healthy plants ready for harvest in summer.

5. Onions: For an early crop of onions, sow them as sets or seeds during December. You can transplant them outdoors once they have developed strong roots.

Rhubarb crown with a person placing a cloche over it
Rhubarb crown with a person placing a cloche over it

6. Rhubarb: If you have a space in your garden, now is the perfect time to plant rhubarb crowns. They will establish over winter and provide you with delicious stalks in spring.

7. Apples and Pears: While not directly sown, bare-root apple and pear trees can be planted during winter. Choose varieties that are suitable for your region and enjoy fresh fruits in the years to come.

Remember to check the specific requirements of each plant regarding soil conditions and protection from harsh weather. Happy sowing, and may your garden flourish with an abundance of early spring harvests!


Tips for Successful Winter Sowing and Overwintering Plants

Winter gardening can be a wonderful way to extend the beauty and productivity of your garden throughout the colder months. However, protecting your plants from frost and other harsh weather conditions is essential to ensure their survival and success. Here are some proven techniques to help you safeguard your beloved plants during winter:

Mulching beds and borders

1. Mulching: Apply a thick layer of organic mulch around the base of your plants. This will help insulate the soil, regulate temperature, and prevent frost from penetrating deep into the ground. The mulch also suppresses early spring weeds reducing weeding

2. Covering: Use frost covers, cloches, or even old bed sheets to protect delicate plants from freezing temperatures. These covers act as a shield against frost and provide an extra layer of insulation. Remember to remove them during the day to allow sunlight and ventilation.

Container pots stacked together to overwinter
Container pots stacked together to overwinter

3. Grouping plants: Cluster potted plants together in a sheltered area or against a south-facing wall. This technique creates a microclimate that offers better protection against cold winds and frost.

4. Watering wisely: It's important to water your plants adequately before a freeze. Moist soil retains heat better than dry soil, so water deeply but avoid overwatering. Also, avoid watering in the evening as excess moisture can freeze overnight and damage your plants.

5. Pruning: Trim back any dead or damaged branches from trees and shrubs before winter sets in. This not only improves their overall health but also prevents them from becoming more susceptible to winter damage.

wrapping a rose in horticultural fleece
wrapping a rose in horticultural fleece

6. Using horticultural fleece: Wrap horticultural fleece around vulnerable plants to provide an extra layer of warmth and protection. Fleece allows air and moisture to circulate while keeping the temperature around the plant constant.

7. Utilizing cold frames: Cold frames are mini-greenhouses that trap heat and protect delicate plants during winter. They can be used to start early seedlings or house potted plants that need extra protection.

8. Avoid salt damage: Salt used for de-icing can be harmful to plants. Try to use alternative methods, such as sand or sawdust, to provide traction on icy surfaces near your plants.

Remember, each plant has different cold tolerance levels, so it's crucial to research and understand the specific needs of your plants. By employing these winter gardening techniques, you can help safeguard your plants from frost and cold weather conditions, ensuring a thriving and beautiful garden all year round.


Good luck with your fruit and vegetables! Remember to nurture them with care and patience, and they will reward you with delicious flavor's and vibrant colours. Don't forget to mark your calendar for our upcoming blog post! We've got some exciting content in store that you won't want to miss. Keep an eye out and be sure to check back soon for the next installment. Trust us, it'll be worth the wait! . Happy gardening!


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